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Stage 5

Geography Year 9 and 10

The study of Geography prepares students for adult life by developing in them an informed perspective on local, regional, national and global issues. In so doing, it forms a basis for active participation in community life and a commitment to ecological sustainability, a just society, intercultural understanding, informed and active citizenship and lifelong learning.

Geography is an essential part of lifelong education because it provides citizens with a means to plan for the future and to create policies that guide how to best use and manage the planet’s precious resources. It also provides citizens with a means to make socially just and ecologically sustainable environmental decisions.

The Year 9/10 course examines:

  • An Investigation in Australian Identity
  • Changing Australian Environments
  • Issues in Australian Environments
  • Australia in its Regional and Global Context


During both years the students will have the opportunity to undertake excursions which facilitate learning. Calga Rainforest study, Bush Tucker and a site study at Terrigal Beach will provide effective and rewarding learning experiences for the students.


This aspect of the course will include skill work, unit tests, assignments, oral presentations and semester exams.

History Year 9 and 10

History in Year 9 and 10 forms a major element of the civics and citizenship education commenced in Year 7. Through the study of history, students explore people’s experiences, using the past to inform and reflect on the present, and how they may take an active role in shaping a more equitable society.

Students will study Australian history prior to Federation through post war Australia, the social and political issues in the 1970s, completing their study by examining contemporary Australia.

The skills that students will develop over Years 9 and 10 involve the use of historical terms and concepts in appropriate context; interpretation of historical sources; inquiry; research; recognising perspectives; communication; and empathy.

History in Years 9 and 10 is a very relevant, highly participative and interesting course. It explores the incredible events that have occurred over time, including disasters, discoveries, scandals, explorations and invasions. It helps us search through time for the changes that have influenced the world of today and that are shaping the world of the future.


As the course uses the theme approach, excursions and other ‘external’ learning experiences have been planned. Site studies are an important component of the History course.


This is in the form of unit testing, essay and document study, oral presentation and assignment work, all geared to cater for individual differences.

Gifted Students

Students studying History in Years 9 and 10 are encouraged to enter the Simpson Competition to provide an additional learning challenge.

Commerce Year 9 and 10 (Elective)

Life involves individuals in relationships with other people and institutions. Much of this involvement occurs within the context of a changing commercial environment. The nature of this commercial environment is the interaction of individuals, organisations and governments. Its purpose is the satisfaction of individual and community wants.

Commerce provides a means whereby young people learn to face the realities of the market place, the world of work and leisure, changing technology and of government decisions and actions. Through acquisition of knowledge and understanding, development of skills and exploration of attitudes and values, the study of Commerce guides students towards personal competence and helps to develop their confidence to participate responsibly in a commercial environment.

The aims and objectives the Commerce syllabus are achieved through a planned study of content drawn from the following areas: Business, Consumers, Government, Labour, Law, Money and Records.


Local Courts, local shopping centres, the Police Museum, jails and Gosford Police Station.


Will consist of topic tests, assignments, excursion reports, bookmarks, and semester examinations.

History Year 9 and 10 (Elective)

History is being offered as an elective subject in Stage 5, in addition to the compulsory History, Civics and Citizenship course. History (elective) allows students who have a deep interest in history to explore a whole range of areas not undertaken in the compulsory course. In addition, the History (elective) course is a great opportunity for those students who have a genuine interest in the history of societies other than Australian. To this end, a considerable number of studies will be determined by student interest, in consultation with the course teacher.

There are three units in History (elective):

  1. Constructing History – This unit focuses on the development of students’ understanding of the nature of history and the ways in which history can be constructed. That’s right – there are many ways in which history can be written and presented! Through the study of topics as diverse as ‘Biography’, ‘Film as History’, ‘Historical Fiction’, ‘Local History’ and ‘Historical Reconstructions’ it is hoped that students’ understanding of the many ways in which historical meaning can be made will be broadened.
  2. Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Societies – This unit offers the opportunity to study in depth the major features of societies, with focus on areas such as archaeology and literature of the ancient world, the medieval world, the Renaissance and the early modern world, Asia, America, the Pacific and Africa. Here is the chance to really investigate some different areas of historical interest.
  3. Thematic Studies – This unit contains a large number of fascinating studies which will allow the lover of history to hone their investigative skills. There is something for everyone in this unit, including options such as ‘Heroes and Villains’, ‘Sport and Recreation in History’, ‘War and Peace’, ‘World Myths and Legends’, ‘Crime and Punishment’, ‘Music Through History’ and ‘Terrorism’.

Excursions will be undertaken to museums and historical groups as well as the opportunity to investigate a site where historical reconstructions occur.

Assessment will include a major historical investigation in both Year 9 and Year 10, as well as a series of more brief historical presentations, and responses to historical sources.

Take History (elective) and ponder these and other viewpoints on history:

  • Oscar Wilde – ‘Any fool can make history, but it takes a genius to write it.’
  • Jane Haddam – ‘People always seemed to know half of history, and to get it confused with the other half.’
  • Kurt Vonnegut – ‘History is merely a list of surprises. It can only prepare us to be surprised yet again.’
  • Max Beerbohm – ‘History does not repeat itself. The historians repeat one another.’
  • William Hesseltine – ‘Writing intellectual history is like trying to nail jelly to the wall.’